Styles of Jousting

In all styles except the Southern Italian, the knights pass left shoulder to left shoulder with the lance over the horses neck. The impact angle is about 30°. This makes jousting a sport where skill is more important than strength or weight. Scoring is based on a point system.

Styles with Basic Armour With or Without Shield

Northern and Southern Italian (Not Historical Names)

In both these styles the knights wear no additional armour and do not carry shields. Northern Italian passes are the normal left shoulder to left shoulder. Southern Italian passes right shoulder to right shoulder so that the impact angle is about 5°, far more direct and forceful than with Northern Italian or other styles. Southern Italian is the hardest hitting of the various styles.



Left Shoulder Unto Left Shoulder


The Knight carries an emblazoned shield that is the target area for the opposing knight.




This is jousting with wooden targes and frog-mouthed helms. This is the traditional German joust and not commonly seen in Maryland.



Knight with frog mouthed helm

Styles with Reinforcing Pieces Added to the Armor

The next three styles use additional pieces of armor for reinforcement and protection. These pieces are the:

A second layer of armor bolted over the left side of the breastplate.
A sort of attached shield that bolts on to the breastplate to cover the left breast and shoulder. A smooth grandguard is used in Welshgestech.
Gridded Grandguard
This grandguard consists of no less than 9 squares with the grids no less than 1/8th inch high. It is used in Realgestech.
Covers the neck and lower part of the helmet on the left side. The buff gives additional protection but limits vision and the ability to turn the head.


In this style the target is a plackard bolted over the left side of the breastplate. The plackard shown here (over an undershirt rather than the usual breastplate so that you can see it better) not only reinforces the breastplate but also has a mini buff, and a wing that is designed to catch the tip of the lance. This combination makes it easier to break a tip, shatter a lance, or unhorse a rider. Expect a lot of broken tips with Plankengestech.




In this style the Knight wears a smooth grandguard and buff. The grandguard is the target area and the buff protects the head and neck. This style is similar to Realgestech except that the grandguard is smooth rather than gridded.



a knight armored for Welshgestech
A Knight Armored for Realgestech


A real crowd favorite. In this style the Knight wears a gridded grandguard and buff. With the gridded grandguard the opposing knight's lance often locks in, which creates a very devastating strike. Expect to see more broken lances and even unhorsings with this style.



Point System

Charging at each other from opposite ends of the list, knights lower their lances in an attempt to strike and unhorse the other rider. They most often score points for touching their opponent or breaking their own lance on the other knight's armour. The lances are wood with the part above the pennant of balsa. Points are scored for each knight and are independent of the number of points scored by the other knight.
Points are as follows:

In this picture, the Knight on the left scores 3 points for a broken tip (which you can see flying through the air) and the knight on the right scores 5 points for a shattered lance (the lower broken half is dropping from his hand).

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Knights Seen in Maryland

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Results of the Fifteenth Annual Ravenswood Jousting Championship (2013)

8th place—Sir Rogan Lors with 84 points
7th place—Sir John DeVere with 86 points
6th place—Sir Robin Knox with 87 points
5th place—Sir Barchan with 93 points
4th place—Lord Michael Stafford with 106 points
3rd place—Sir Edward of Rigney with 109 points
2nd place—Don Martino Fernandez with 132 points

And congratulations to Sir Ian McFarland with a record setting 148 points!

He is the Grand Champion!

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Results of the Fourteenth Annual Ravenswood Jousting Championship (2012)

8th place...Sir Edward DeVere with 57 points;
7th place...Cavalero Soltoro di Tuscany with 76 points;
6th place...Sir Rogan Lors with 81 points;
5th place...Sir John Byington with 84 points;
4th place...Sir Barchan of Revel Grove with 97 points;
3rd place...Sir Ian McFarlandwith 102 points;
2nd place...Sir Edmond Howard with 103 points;

And the Grand Champion with 122 points:

Don Martino Fernandez! Viva Espania!

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Results of the Twentieth Annual Gath of Baal International Jousting Tournament (2013)

Tied 9th place... Dame Freydis Eriksdotter with 41 points
Tied 9th place... Countess Elvita with 41 points
8th place... Sir John Bourchier with 65 points
7th place... Sir Edward DeVere with 71 points
6th place... Cavaliero Soltoro with 79 points
5th place... Sir Barchan with 82 points
4th place... Sir Rogan Lors with 87 points
3rd place... Sir Thomas Howard with 88 points
2nd place... Sir Ian McFarland with 98 poionts

and with 105 points, our Grand Champion...

Don Martino Fernandez!

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Other Jousting Links

Jouster X
More About Jousting
World Wide Jousting Federation
Dame Jessica and the Knights of the Rose
The Jousting Life
War Horse Farm
Flesh in Armor
More Links

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© P. A. Wiedorn 2013